By Jessica Gordon Nembhard
In Collective Courage, Jessica Gordon Nembhard chronicles African American cooperative enterprise possession and its position within the pursuits for Black civil rights and monetary equality. no longer considering the fact that W. E. B. Du Bois’s 1907 Economic Co-operation between Negro Americans has there been a full-length, national learn of African American cooperatives. Collective Courage extends that tale into the twenty-first century. a number of the avid gamers are popular within the historical past of the African American event: Du Bois, A. Philip Randolph and the women' Auxiliary to the Brotherhood of snoozing vehicle Porters, Nannie Helen Burroughs, Fannie Lou Hamer, Ella Jo Baker, George Schuyler and the younger Negroes’ Co-operative League, the kingdom of Islam, and the Black Panther occasion. including the cooperative stream to Black historical past ends up in a retelling of the African American adventure, with an elevated knowing of African American collective fiscal business enterprise and grassroots monetary organizing.
To inform the tale, Gordon Nembhard makes use of numerous newspapers, interval magazines, and journals; co-ops’ articles of incorporation, mins from annual conferences, newsletters, budgets, and source of revenue statements; and scholarly books, memoirs, and biographies. those assets exhibit the achievements and demanding situations of Black co-ops, collective monetary motion, and social entrepreneurship. Gordon Nembhard unearths that African american citizens, in addition to folks of colour and low-income humans, have benefitted vastly from cooperative possession and democratic fiscal participation through the nation’s heritage.
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Extra info for Collective Courage: A History of African American Cooperative Economic Thought and Practice
Collective Courage: A History of African American Cooperative Economic Thought and Practice by Jessica Gordon Nembhard