"To Teach" in Ancient Israel: A Cognitive Linguistic Study by Wendy L. Widder PDF

By Wendy L. Widder

This ebook employs cognitive linguistics to figure out the foundational parts of the traditional Israelites’ notion of educating as mirrored within the textual content of the Hebrew Bible and Ben Sira. It analyzes 4 in demand lexemes that contain a lexical set concerning the act of training: ירה-H, למד-D, ידע-H, and יסר-D. The research concludes that, in its most simple shape, the idea that of training in old Israel used to be instructor creates the stipulations during which studying can ensue. The method hired during this undertaking is outfitted on a premise of cognitive experiences, specifically, that simply because instructing is a common human task, there's a common suggestion of training: one individual A acknowledges that someone else B lacks wisdom, trust, talents, etc (or has incomplete or distorted wisdom, etc.), and individual A makes an attempt to lead to a replaced nation of data, trust, or ability in individual B. This common inspiration offers the foundation for knowing the concept that of training that Biblical Hebrew displays, and it additionally kinds the conceptual base opposed to which the person lexemes are profiled. The research includes a micro-level research and a macro-level research. on the micro-level, every one lexeme is tested with recognize to its linguistic varieties (the linguistic research) and the contexts within which the lexeme happens (the conceptual analysis). The linguistic research considers the clausal buildings of every instantiation and determines what transitivity, ditransitivity, or intransitivity contributes to the which means. Collocations of the lexeme, together with prepositional words, adverbial adjuncts, and parallel verbs, are evaluated for his or her contribution to which means. The conceptual research of every lexeme identifies the that means strength of every observe, in addition to what point of the that means power each one instantiation prompts. The research then determines the lexeme’s prototypical that means, that's profiled at the base of the common idea of educating. This step of profiling represents an immense variation of the cognitive linguistics instrument of profiling to satisfy the precise necessities of operating with historic texts in that it profiles prototype meanings, now not instantiations. within the macro-analysis, the knowledge of all 4 lexemes within the lexical set are synthesized. The relationships one of the lexemes are assessed with the intention to establish the fundamental point lexeme and examine even if the lexemes shape a folks taxonomy. eventually, the profiles of the 4 prototype meanings are collated and in comparison with a purpose to describe the traditional Israelite thought of training. The research reveals that the fundamental point merchandise of the lexical set is למד-D in keeping with frequency of use and distribution. In its prototypical definition, למד-D capacity to deliberately positioned another individual in a country during which s/he can gather a ability or services via event and perform. unlike this sustained form of educating, the prototypical which means of ירה-H is situational in nature: somebody of authority or services provides particular, situational guide to anyone who lacks wisdom approximately what to do. The lexemes יסר-D and ידע-H symbolize the main constrained and the main expansive lexemes, respectively: the prototypical which means of יסר-D is to try to result in replaced habit in someone else via verbal or actual capacity, frequently to the purpose of inflicting discomfort; the prototypical that means of ידע-H is individual of authority explanations someone else to be in a kingdom of understanding whatever from the divine realm or concerning reviews with the divine realm. The examine determines that whereas the 4 lexemes of the Biblical Hebrew lexical set “to train” have major semantic overlap, they can't be construed in a folks taxonomy as the phrases aren't similar in a hierarchical way.

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"To Teach" in Ancient Israel: A Cognitive Linguistic Study of a Biblical Hebrew Lexical Set (Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft) by Wendy L. Widder

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